At birth, a baby has minimal control over voluntary movement. Reflexes provide stereotyped reactions to certain stimuli in the early weeks but are soon transformed into more advanced motor skills. Early reflexes also provide training for many aspects of later functioning.

These are only some of the reflexes that might be involved in specific learning difficulties and behavioural problems. More than two abnormal reflexes must be present before a diagnosis of Neuro-Developmental Delay is considered.

Further information relating to reflexes, their function and symptoms if they remain in the older child can be found in Reflexes, Learning and Behaviour (Fern Ridge press) by Sally Goddard Blythe.